Top 11 Chinese Dog Breeds

The Chinese dog has certain particular characteristics that make it unique, this type of dog has both a physique and a unique personality.

If you want to know each of these dog breeds and the characteristics that make them unique, as well as photos of each one, stay with us and you will be surprised.

Among the Chinese dog breeds there are those that are small in size and that, usually, are very popular among people who like to have companion dogs, easy to take, from one place to another.

We are going to know which are these little friends that have stolen the hearts of many people.


Something about this breed that very few people know is that it comes from China, these dogs originate from the 5th century BC.

Usually they should not weigh more than 10 kilograms, however, you have to be careful with their diet as they tend to gain weight easily.

If we observe these beautiful and particular dogs, we can see that they have their own physical characteristics, among them are:

  • They have a rounded head.
  • Its legs are small and short.
  • Its tail, instead of being long and straight, is in a spiral shape.
  • They have striking and bulging eyes.

These small dogs are considered one of the most tender breeds in existence, since precisely because of these physical characteristics they seem to be vulnerable and convey great tenderness.

This is a breed that loves to play and for being so small they are usually quite active.

In addition to this, these dogs usually love to be in the company of their humans. Being alone is not their strong suit, as it makes them feel anxious.

During Ancient China, this breed was considered among the sacred animals, so they were awarded noble titles and lived inside the palaces with all the comforts of a human being. 

In addition to this, they are one of the most intelligent dog breeds in the world .

Shih Tzu

These small dogs from China are approximately 27 centimeters tall and usually do not weigh more than 7 kilograms. Additionally, they need medium care, as their abundant coat requires moderate care.

The Shih Tsu usually live to about 16 years of life, so we can say that it is a long-lived race.

The fur of these little furry ones usually varies in many shades such as gold, grey, brown, white and mixed. However, the most popular color is black and white with the tip of the tail and forehead.

According to Chinese history, these dogs were used as a gift that the Dalai Lama gave to all those families belonging to the Chinese royalty, and these were the representation of the 23.

They are friendly, playful dogs that love to be very active, so they are ideal to have in families with children or with other dogs or pets. They are even usually friendly with strangers , so they are not good guardians.

An important characteristic that people should know about this breed of Chinese dog is that its coat is hypoallergenic , that is, it does not cause the allergies that other dogs regularly cause.


Dogs of quite small size and abundant coat. They do not get to measure more than 25 or 30 centimeters in height, nor weigh more than 5 kilograms.

The origin of these dogs dates back to ancient China, where they lived inside the palaces of the emperors, which filled them with luxury and care. Hence the proud personality of this breed.

These have been companion dogs since their inception, and because they were raised in luxury and treated like royalty, they are generally not very obedient.

For this reason, it is advisable to train them from puppies and have a lot of patience when doing it.

These dogs are well known for having a rebellious nature and the habit of wanting to attack other dogs that double and even triple in size.

Although their character is very peculiar, they are usually very affectionate and sweet with their owners and some other humans.

They are ideal as watchdogs, as their safety and bravery are not in question.

The physical characteristics of this dog make it very easy to recognize it, it has a slightly flat face, abundant and long fur and a short muzzle full of small wrinkles.

Chinese crested

There are two varieties of this breed, one without hair ( Hairless ) and the other with hair ( Powderpuff ), in the case of the Chinese hairless crested, it originated due to a genetic mutation.

Something to keep in mind is that, although it is said to be hairless, it is not actually completely bald, it has some fur on its legs, tail and head (which looks like a crest ).

These dogs are small in size, they can measure between 25 and 30 centimeters in height and do not weigh more than 5 or 7 kilograms.

The personality of this breed is playful and affectionate, so they are ideal as companion dogs and in families where there are children.

Although they are distrustful of strangers, these Chinese dogs are very faithful and obedient to their owners.

Lhasa Apso

This breed of dog is very similar to the Tibetan Terrier, especially in its physical appearance, although in this case, the Lhasa has a smaller size and a much longer coat.

They are originally from Tibet, where the monks considered them as bearers of good luck, which is why they always gave them to high officials of other countries.

Its characteristic coat has two layers, one a little shorter and the other long with a smooth texture; its most common colors are: sand and gold .

Its height is close to 25 centimeters, while its weight ranges between 7 and 8 kilograms.

Although they are playful and agile, they prefer to be quietly lying down receiving pampering, instead of playing with children, for this reason, they are mostly recommended for families of adults or with teenage children.

Their life expectancy usually reaches 15 years. They are not dogs that withstand high temperatures well and also need care with their ears, because as their hair covers them they must be treated correctly. Like they require some care of their fur.

Now it is the turn to meet the three breeds of medium-sized Chinese dogs. These are known in many places in the world due to their beauty.

Tibetan Terrier

A long time ago, this breed was used as sheepdogs and as well as others, this was also considered a symbol of good luck , which is why many believed that they could not be sold, since luck would be selling.

These medium-sized dogs can have a height of 40 centimeters, while their weight is between 8 and 14 kilograms . They can live up to 12 or 15 years , as long as they have a good quality of life and adequate care.

They are quite energetic and playful, and can live in almost any type of space. Their soft character and active life make them ideal for living with children, as they will love to play and share with them. In addition, they are excellent guardians , as they are always alert to their surroundings.

As they have a very long coat, it is recommended that they be properly cared for and cut regularly, as it tends to accumulate dirt and parasites

Chow chow

This breed of Chinese dog originated with the task of being a hunter and as a herd guardian of the country’s monasteries. According to legend, these dogs are said to have been consumed by the Chinese when the country was submerged in one of its worst famine crises.

The most remarkable physical characteristic of these dogs is their dark-colored tongue , described as bluish-black or purple in color . The coat of these dogs is abundant, semi-long and can be of different shades.

The temperament of chow chow dogs is very calm , however, it is recommended that from puppies they get used to socializing with other people and animals , to prevent them from becoming aggressive and insecure dogs.

It can reach a height of around 50 centimeters , while its weight is close to 30 kilograms . In addition, this breed generally has a life expectancy of between 12 and 13 years .


The Chongquing is one of the least known and most complex dogs to find . This breed is said to have originated over 2,000 years ago, making them an emblem of Chinese culture.

The origin of this breed dates back to the Han dynasty, they were dogs that frequently accompanied their owners to hunt bears. However, today, they are known to be good companion dogs.

This breed has a certain physical resemblance to bulldogs and Thai Ridgebacks.

They have the peculiarity that the males are much larger than the females, so the male is 50 centimeters tall , while the female is 40 centimeters . Their weight ranges between 20 and 25 kilograms , depending on whether it is male or female.

The Chongquing are dogs that love to always be with their humans, so they are very prone to separation anxiety . They love to be pampered and receive the attention of their owners.

Finally, the turn of the large Chinese dogs has come Although these imposing dogs can be intimidating due to their height, they have earned the affection of many people for being faithful guardians and for their bearing full of security.

Shar pei

Currently there are records that trace the history of the Shar Pei to 206 BC. One of the main characteristics of these dogs is the thick coat they have and the wrinkles on their skin, which has always attracted people’s attention.

During the Han dynasty, the task of these was to be guardians of tombs. Today, they are appreciated as companion dogs and pets.

Its coat is really special, because in addition to being short, to the touch, it is one of the toughest among the breeds.

It can be of different shades, chocolate, black, sand, bluish, arctic, among others.

A variety of shades that are incredibly fascinating and unique.

Strong in character, these dogs deserve to be rigorously trained and trained , so that they learn to respect and follow orders, otherwise, they can become very capricious and even aggressive .The Shar Pei can measure up to 50 centimeters in height and weigh around 30 kilograms , in addition, their life expectancy is usually in the 10 years.

Tibetan mastiff

Known by the name of the Tibetan Mastiff, these dogs were used by Tibetan nomads to tend their flocks. They were also used by the monks as caretakers and guardians of the temples .

Considered a giant dog, it can reach an impressive height of up to 80 centimeters and weigh up to 90 kilograms. A fairly large and heavy dog, whose life expectancy is usually 11 years.

It has a muscular body and a very abundant and semi-long coat, it can be seen in brown tones and combinations of white or black.

Although they are highly intelligent dogs, they have a fairly strong character, therefore, it will be necessary for them to be trained and for them to start socializing from puppies, in order to prevent aggressiveness.

Despite the fact that this breed is not suitable for sharing with children and being a fun playmate, they are ideal as guardians and caretakers of homes.

If you liked learning about the different Chinese dog breeds, don’t forget to share this article with your family and acquaintances.

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